地球物理学进展 ›› 2013, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (2): 570-578.doi: 10.6038/pg20130205

• 空间与固体地球物理 • 上一篇    下一篇

太阳轨道运动长周期性韵律的成因

刘复刚1,2, 王建1, 商志远1, 郑一3   

  1. 1. 南京师范大学地理科学学院, 南京 210046;
    2. 齐齐哈尔大学理学院地理系, 齐齐哈尔 161006;
    3. 青岛理工大学理学院, 青岛 266520
  • 收稿日期:2012-08-02 修回日期:2012-12-12 出版日期:2013-04-20 发布日期:2013-04-20
  • 通讯作者: 王建,男,博士,教授.(E-mail:jwang169@vip.sina.com) E-mail:jwang169@vip.sina.com
  • 作者简介:刘复刚,男,1964年2月生,副教授,博士研究生,研究方向:全球变化.(E-mail:lfg012345@126.com)
  • 基金资助:
    江苏高校优势学科建设工程项目(JS2010003)资助.

Study on long-term cyclical rhythm of solar activity

LIU Fu-gang1,2, WANG Jian1, SHANG Zhi-yuan1, ZHENG Yi3   

  1. 1. College of Geography Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210046, China;
    2. College of Science, Qiqihar University, Qiqihar 161006, China;
    3. College of Science, Qingdao Technological University, Qingdao 266520, China
  • Received:2012-08-02 Revised:2012-12-12 Online:2013-04-20 Published:2013-04-20

摘要: 太阳轨道运动具有双世纪(约200年)和哈尔斯塔(约2500年)长周期规律.这两个周期可以通过行星会合指数方程获得.根据图像获知,这两个太阳轨道运动周期都是由太阳最基本的22年轨道运动周期集合而成.太阳轨道运动的22年周期和太阳活动的22年磁周期是一一对应的.本文通过行星会合指数图像与太阳轨道运动角动量变率(Jose,1965)图像和树木年轮-珊瑚综合指标所指代的太阳活动图像(Charvátová,2000)的比对,以及对太阳轨道运动角动量与太阳自转角动量呈负相关关系的分析,认为太阳的自转运动规律决定着太阳自身的活动规律.从而得出,行星会合指数不但可以指代太阳的轨道运动规律,同时也可指代太阳的活动规律.

Abstract: There are two types of long-term cyclical rhythms for solar activity, bicentennial cycle (about 200 years) and Hallstatt solar cycle (about 2500 years).Both of them can be determined through the kinematics equation of planet juncture index. According to the graphical analysis inferred from the kinematics equation, these two long-term cycles are consisted of the fundamental solar rhythm (22 years). The 22-year rotation cycle of the Sun’s orbital motion is corresponding to the 22-year magnetic period of solar activity. The image of planet juncture index was compared with the image of angular momentum of the Sun’s orbital motion (Jose, 1965) and image of the solar activity indicated by tree rings and coral proxies (Charvátová,2000) in this paper. In addition, we analyzed the negative correlations between the angular momentum of the Sun’s orbital motion and the rotation momentum, and think that the rotation pattern controls the solar activity. So it can be concluded that the planet juncture index can represent not only the law of the Sun’s orbital motion but also the pattern of the solar activity.

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