地球物理学进展 ›› 2014, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (4): 1882-1888.doi: 10.6038/pg20140454

• 应用地球物理 • 上一篇    下一篇

国内外微地震监测技术综述

赵博雄, 王忠仁, 刘瑞, 雷立群   

  1. 吉林大学仪器科学与电气工程学院, 长春 130021
  • 收稿日期:2013-09-10 修回日期:2013-12-11 出版日期:2014-08-20 发布日期:2014-08-20
  • 作者简介:赵博雄1987年生人,男,辽宁人,吉林大学硕士研究生在读,主要从事地震数据处理和微地震监测研究.(E-mail:jlharrypotter@126.com)
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然基金(41074081)项目和国家863重点项目(2007AA060801)联合资助.

Review of Microseismic monitoring technology research

ZHAO Bo-xiong, WANG Zhon-gren, LIU Rui, Lei Li-qun   

  1. College of Instrument Science & Electrical Engineering, Jilin University, Changchun 130021, China
  • Received:2013-09-10 Revised:2013-12-11 Online:2014-08-20 Published:2014-08-20

摘要:

微地震监测技术是以声发射学和地震学为基础的一种通过观测、分析生产活动中产生的微小地震事件来监测生产活动的影响、效果及储层状态的地球物理技术.与传统地震勘探不同,微地震监测中震源的位置、震源的强度和地震发生时刻都是未知的,确定这些未知因素正是微地震监测的首要任务.作为基于地球物理发展起来的一种可以对岩石微断裂发生位置进行有效监测的技术,微地震监测技术已经被广泛应用于矿山动力灾害监测、水力压裂等领域.本文概述了微地震技术的国内外研究历史及研究进展.

Abstract:

Microseismic monitoring is a kind of geophysical technology based on acoustic emission and seismology for monitoring the effects of production activities and the reservoir status by observing and analyzing the microseismic events in production activities different from the traditional seismic exploration. In microseismic monitoring, seismic source location, strength of source and occurrence are unknown, determining these unknown factors happened to be the primary task of microseismic monitoring. As an effective monitoring technology based on geophysics to monitor the rock fracture position, microseismic technique has been widely used in the fields like monitoring of dynamic disaster in mines and hydro-fracture. This paper summarizes the research history and the latest research progress of microseismic monitoring.

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