地球物理学进展 ›› 2017, Vol. 32 ›› Issue (6): 2626-2635.doi: 10.6038/pg20170645

• 应用地球物理学Ⅱ • 上一篇    下一篇

海洋天然气水合物地震识别方法研究进展

勾丽敏1, 张金华1,2, 王嘉玮1   

  1. 1. 中国地质大学(北京), 北京 100083;
    2. 中国石油勘探开发研究院廊坊分院新能源研究所, 河北廊坊 065007
  • 收稿日期:2017-05-01 修回日期:2017-10-11 出版日期:2017-12-20 发布日期:2017-12-20
  • 作者简介:勾丽敏,女,1972年生,汉族,吉林松原人,博士,讲师,主要从事地震资料处理方法及散射波地震勘探研究.(E-mail:goulm@163.com)
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金项目(41306050)和中央高校基本科研业务费专项(2652013122)联合资助.

Progress in seismic identification approach of marine gas hydrate

GOU Li-min1, ZHANG Jin-hua1,2, WANG Jia-wei1   

  1. 1. China University of Geosciences, Beijing 100083, China;
    2. Langfang Branch, PetroChina Exploration and Development Research Institute, Hebei Langfang 065007, China
  • Received:2017-05-01 Revised:2017-10-11 Online:2017-12-20 Published:2017-12-20

摘要:

21世纪以来,地震勘探技术、岩石物理学理论和水合物研究的迅速发展使得水合物地震识别方法研究逐步深入,取得了前所未有的新进展.本文回顾了海洋水合物地震识别方法的研究历程,总结了水合物地震识别技术现状,认为纵、横波资料联合应用的弹性参数反演、基于黏弹介质的地震波吸收特征研究是海洋水合物地震识别技术的近期发展方向;水合物对岩石微观结构改变的作用机理及其最佳岩石物理模型和地震响应或属性特征研究是海洋水合物地震识别技术的未来宏观发展方向.

Abstract:

Since Entering into 21 century, researches of seismic exploration techniques, seismic rock physics and marine gas hydrate have been developed rapidly, which has promoted the deepenning and great advancing of seismic identification approaches of marine gas hydrate. This paper, aiming at seismic identification approaches of marine gas hydrate, reviewed their developing process, summarized current status of their techniques used, and anticipated their future development directions. We pointed out that elastic parameters inversions using pressed wave and sheared wave integratedly are the short-term directions for marine gas hydrate seismic identification approaches research, as well as the attenuation theories and characteristics of gas hydrate-bearing sediments. In addition, the mechanism for gas hydrate to affect rock's microcosmic structures, the optimal rock physical model that could describ the mechanism, and the seismic responses or attributes' characteristics of the rock physical model are the long-term directions for them.

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