地球物理学进展 ›› 2018, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (5): 2134-2140.doi: 10.6038/pg2018BB0463

• 应用地球物理学Ⅱ(海洋、工程、环境、仪器等) • 上一篇    下一篇

城市地球物理学综述

李万伦(),刘素芳,田黔宁,吕鹏,姜重昕,贾凌霄   

  1. 中国地质调查局地学文献中心,北京 100083
  • 收稿日期:2017-12-03 修回日期:2018-08-13 出版日期:2018-10-20 发布日期:2019-01-11
  • 作者简介:李万伦,男,1972年生,博士,研究员,主要从事城市地下空间探测技术研究.
  • 基金资助:
    中国地质调查“地学情报综合研究与产品研发”(121201015000150002)

Reviews in urban geophysics

LI Wan-lun(),LIU Su-fang,TIAN Qian-ning,Lü Peng,JIANG Zhong-xin,JIA Ling-xiao   

  1. Geological Information Center, China Geological Survey, Beijing 100083, China
  • Received:2017-12-03 Revised:2018-08-13 Online:2018-10-20 Published:2019-01-11

摘要:

城市地球物理学是城市化快速发展的产物,当前面临很好的机遇和挑战.本文首先对城市地球物理学的概念内涵、研究内容和技术特点进行了总结,指出开展城市三维地质填图是其基本任务之一,对城市规划、管理和建设都具有重要意义.然后回顾了城市地球物理学的发展历史,发现亚太地区发展中国家对城市地球物理技术存在着广泛的需求,但其技术实力与国际先进水平相比还存在一定的差距,尤其是在地球物理设备方面.最后对城市地球物理学的研究现状进行了阐述,包括陆上地震拖缆系统、被动源面波技术及地震与非地震联合反演技术等新技术新方法的进展,以及地球物理方法在城市规划与开发领域中的典型应用.建议重视并大力开展城市地球物理学研究,争取本领域在国际上领先.

关键词: 城市地球物理, 城市规划, 三维地质填图, 陆上地震拖缆, 被动源面波技术, 联合反演

Abstract:

Urban geophysics is a corollary of the rapid development of urbanization and is facing great opportunities and challenges at present. This paper first summarizes the definition, research content and technical features of urban geophysics. It points out that carrying out urban three-dimensional geological mapping is one of its basic tasks and is of great significance to urban planning, management and construction. Then, reviewing the history of urban geophysics, we find that developing countries in Asia-Pacific region have a wide range of needs for urban geophysical technology. However, there is still a gap between their technological capabilities and the advanced international level, especially in aspect of geophysical equipment. Furtherly, the research status quo of urban geophysics is elaborated, including the progress of new techniques such as systems of land seismic streamers, passive source surface wave technology, joint seismic and non-seismic inversion techniques, as well as typical applications of geophysical methods in urban planning and its development. It is suggested to pay attention to and vigorously carry out urban geophysical research and strive to lead the international community in this field.

Key words: urban geophysics, urban planning, 3D geological mapping, land seismic streamers, passive source surface wave technique, joint inversion

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