地球物理学进展 ›› 2019, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (5): 1878-1886.doi: 10.6038/pg2019CC0240

• 应用地球物理学Ⅰ(油气及金属矿产地球物理勘探) • 上一篇    下一篇

水力压裂微地震事件定位方法综述

毛庆辉1,2,王鹏1,曾隽3   

  1. 1. 油气资源与勘探技术教育部重点实验室(长江大学),武汉 430100
    2. 长江大学非常规油气湖北省协同创新中心,武汉 430100
    3. 中石化华东油气分公司勘探开发研究院实验中心,江苏扬州 225007;
  • 收稿日期:2018-11-17 修回日期:2019-05-28 出版日期:2019-10-28 发布日期:2019-10-28
  • 作者简介:毛庆辉,男,1987年生,湖北荆州人,博士,讲师,从事水力压裂微震资料反演、地震资料储层预测方向研究工作.(E-mail: maoqinghuijz@126.com)
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目“基于卷积神经网络的压裂微震实时监测参数优化研究”(41604099);湖北省教育厅科学技术研究项目(Q20191307);油气资源与勘探技术教育部重点实验室(长江大学)开放基金项目(K2018-14)

Review of hydro-fracturing microseismic event location methods

MAO Qing-hui1,2,WANG Peng1,ZENG Jun3   

  1. 1. Key Laboratory of Exploration Technologies for Oil and Gas Resources (Yangtze University), Ministry of Education, Wuhan 430100, China
    2. Hubei Cooperative Innovation Center of Unconventional Oil and Gas, Yangtze University, Wuhan 430100, China
    3. Laboratory Center, Research Institute of Exploration and Development, East China Company, Sinopec, Jiangsu Yangzhou 225007, China;
  • Received:2018-11-17 Revised:2019-05-28 Online:2019-10-28 Published:2019-10-28

摘要:

随着国内外页岩气勘探开发的不断深入,水力压裂微地震监测技术重要性越来越大,而该技术的核心是微地震事件定位.近些年前人对微地震事件的定位方法做了比较深入的研究,形成了众多定位方法.为此,依据目标函数构造及其求解方式对微地震事件定位方法进行了分类,主要介绍了两大类具有代表性的微地震事件定位方法:(1)基于走时的射线追踪定位方法;(2)基于波形的偏移定位方法.然后对其算法思路流程、优缺点等方面进行了归纳总结,分析了各类算法的研究现状及两种典型算法的应用实例,最后对微地震事件定位方法的发展趋势进行了展望.

关键词: 微地震事件, 走时, 射线追踪定位, 波形, 偏移定位

Abstract:

With the deepening of the shale gas exploration and development at home and abroad, the technique of hydro-fracturing microseismic monitoring is playing a more important role currently. Moreover, microseismic event location is the core of hydro-fracturing microseismic monitoring. With the in-depth research in recent years, a lot of methods for microseismic event location have been developed. Therefore, according to objective function construction and its solving way, these methods can be classified into two main typical types, including ray tracing-based location method based on travel time and migration-based location based on waveform. Then the algorithm flow, advantage and disadvantage of two kinds of methods were systematically summarized and research development status for these methods was analyzed. Afterwards, we discussed the application examples of two representative methods, respectively. Finally, the development trend of microseismic event location method was also discussed.

Key words: Microseismic event, Travel time, Ray tracing-based location, Waveform, Migration-based location

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