地球物理学进展 ›› 2020, Vol. 35 ›› Issue (2): 566-572.doi: 10.6038/pg2020CC0180

• 应用地球物理学Ⅰ(油气及金属矿产地球物理勘探) • 上一篇    下一篇

声波远探测技术概述及发展

董经利1, 许孝凯2,*(), 张晋言2, 翟勇2, 晁永胜2, 张卫峰3   

  1. 1. 中石化胜利石油工程有限公司,东营 257096
    2. 中石化胜利石油工程有限公司测井公司,东营 257096
    3. 中石化西北油田分公司,乌鲁木齐 830011
  • 收稿日期:2019-06-26 修回日期:2019-12-11 出版日期:2020-04-20 发布日期:2020-04-30
  • 通讯作者: 许孝凯 E-mail:xuxiaokai@foxmail.com
  • 作者简介:董经利,男,1964年生,山东桓台人,教授级高工,研究方向为地球物理测井. E-mail:dongjingli.slyt@sinopec.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家科技重大专项“地震与井筒精细勘探关键技术”(2016ZX05006-002)

Overview and development of acoustic far detection technology

DONG Jing-li1, XU Xiao-kai2,*(), ZHANG Jin-yan2, ZHAI Yong2, CHAO Yong-sheng2, ZHANG Wei-feng3   

  1. 1. Shengli petroleum Engineering Corporation,Sinopec, Dongying 257096, China
    2. Well Logging Company of Shengli Petroleum Engineering Corporation, Sinopec, Dongying 257096, China
    3. Northwest Company, Sinopec,ürümqi 830011, China
  • Received:2019-06-26 Revised:2019-12-11 Online:2020-04-20 Published:2020-04-30
  • Contact: XU Xiao-kai E-mail:xuxiaokai@foxmail.com

摘要:

常规测井项目探测井外信息较浅,难以反映地质异常体距井外较远距离发育情况.声波远探测技术提出已近30年,商业化研究也有10余年,可以对井外数十米甚至上百米范围进行探测,该技术产生大大丰富了研究领域,已经发展成一种油气勘探行业中不可缺少的先进技术.声波远探测测井主要可以分为单极子反射纵波远探测和偶极子反射横波远探测,其中,单极子反射纵波远探测以斯伦贝谢为代表,偶极子反射横波由贝克休斯为代表,本文在描述了声波远探测基本概念的基础上,分别对两种远探测方法从国内外发展角度进行了概述,概述内容主要方面有:基本原理发展过程、仪器研发思路、处理方法改进及相关难点,对各科研院所及单位的研发现状进行总结,对偶极子反射横波远探测的优势进行了说明.通过油田应用情况进行分析,概括了远探测测井的主要作用,对偶极子远探测技术最新进展及相关应用实例进行了阐述,最后在分析远探测技术发展现状和趋势基础上,给出应用前景展望.

关键词: 远探测, 声波测井, 反射横波, 反射纵波, 反射声波成像

Abstract:

It is difficult to detect information of geological anomalies far away from the borehole using conventional logging for its limited investigation depth. The technology of acoustic far detection, which can detect information of geological anomalies dozens of meters (even more than one hundred meters) far away from the borehole, has been developed for nearly 30 years, and used in commercial research for more than 10 years. This technology has greatly enriched the research field and has become an essential advanced technology in the oil and gas exploration. The acoustic far detection logging can be divided into monopole far detection used reflected compressional wave (represented by Schlumberger) and dipole far detection used reflected shear wave(represented by Baker Hughes). After the description of acoustic far detection concept, the development of the two acoustic far detection logging methods is summarized from home and abroad respectively. The main aspects are: the development process of the basic principle, the instrument research, the improvement of the processing method and the related difficulties. The main research work of the research institutes and units is summarized, and the advantages of the far detection using the dipole reflected shear wave are described. After the oil field application analyzing and the acoustic far detection logging main function summarizing, the new development and application for dipole far detection is elaborated. Finally, the application prospect is given on the basis of the current situation and trend analysis for the far detection development.

Key words: Far detection, Acoustic well logging, Reflected shear wave, Reflected compressional wave, Reflected wave imaging

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