地球物理学进展 ›› 2020, Vol. 35 ›› Issue (1): 65-71.doi: 10.6038/pg2020DD0384

• 固体地球物理及空间物理学(大气、行星、地球动力学、重磁电及地震学、地热) • 上一篇    下一篇

分布式光纤声波传感器及其在天然地震学研究中的应用

张丽娜1,2, 任亚玲3, 林融冰3, 宋政宏3,4, 曾祥方3,*   

  1. 1. 福建省地震局厦门地震勘测研究中心,厦门 361021;
    2. 中国地震局厦门海洋地震研究所,厦门 361021;
    3. 中国科学院测量与地球物理研究所大地测量与地球动力学国家重点实验室,武汉 430077;
    4. 中国科学技术大学地球和空间科学学院,合肥 230026
  • 收稿日期:2019-09-16 修回日期:2019-12-06 出版日期:2020-02-20 发布日期:2020-03-18
  • 通讯作者: *曾祥方,男,1984年生,研究员,主要从事地震学研究. E-mail: zengxf@whigg.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:张丽娜,女,1986年生,博士,工程师,主要从事地震学研究. E-mail:zhangln57@qq.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金(41904064)和国家自然科学基金(41974067)资助.

Distributed acoustic sensing system and its application for seismological studies

ZHANG Li-na1,2, REN Ya-ling3, LIN Rong-bing3, SONG Zheng-hong3,4, ZENG Xiang-fang3,*   

  1. 1. Xiamen Seismic Survey Research Center, Earthquake Administration of Fujian Province, CEA, Xiamen 361021, China;
    2. Xiamen Institute of Marine Seismology,China Earthquake Adiministration, Xiamen 361021, China;
    3. State Key Laboratory of Geodesy and Earth’s Dynamics, Institute of Geodesy and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan 430077, China;;
    4. University of Science and Technology of China, School of Earth and Space Sciences, Hefei 230026, China
  • Received:2019-09-16 Revised:2019-12-06 Online:2020-02-20 Published:2020-03-18

摘要: 分布式光纤声波传感器(Distributed Acoustic Sensing, DAS)是近年来兴起的超密集地震观测系统,具有一系列观测密度高、观测成本低、耐受恶劣环境等优势,在油气行业得到了广泛应用,也引起了天然地震学界的关注.本文简要回顾了DAS系统的测量原理、发展历程、技术方案、介绍了测量原理及其响应特性,然后围绕多个观测实验,介绍浅部结构成像、深部结构探测和地震监测三个方向的典型应用实例,最后讨论了DAS系统在天然地震学研究中应用面临的挑战和发展趋势.

关键词: 分布式光纤声波传感器, 光纤传感, 地震成像, 地震监测

Abstract: Distributed Acoustic Sensing(DAS) is a novel high dense seismic acquisition system based on the fiber-optic sensing technique. DAS has a number of advantages include: small channel spacing, low cost, available in tough environment and it has been widely used in borehole observation in oil-gas industry. Recently, DAS also draw attentions from seismology community and several field trials have been conducted showing its potential in seismology studies. We brief introduce the measurement, development, implements, response characteristics of DAS. Then, several typical field trials are introduced and typical applications are reviewed. Finally, the challenges and possible solutions are discussed.

Key words: Distributed Acoustic Sensing(DAS), Fiber-optic Sensing, Seismic imaging, Earthquake monitoring

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