藏北高原地震活动性特征及其大地构造意义

邹长桥, 贺日政, 张智. 藏北高原地震活动性特征及其大地构造意义[J]. 地球物理学进展, 2012, 27(2): 429-440. doi: 10.6038/j.issn.1004-2903.2012.02.006
引用本文: 邹长桥, 贺日政, 张智. 藏北高原地震活动性特征及其大地构造意义[J]. 地球物理学进展, 2012, 27(2): 429-440. doi: 10.6038/j.issn.1004-2903.2012.02.006
ZOU Chang-qiao, HE Ri-zheng, ZHANG Zhi. Seismicity characteristics beneath the northern Tibetan Plateau and its tectonic significances[J]. Progress in Geophysics, 2012, 27(2): 429-440. doi: 10.6038/j.issn.1004-2903.2012.02.006
Citation: ZOU Chang-qiao, HE Ri-zheng, ZHANG Zhi. Seismicity characteristics beneath the northern Tibetan Plateau and its tectonic significances[J]. Progress in Geophysics, 2012, 27(2): 429-440. doi: 10.6038/j.issn.1004-2903.2012.02.006

藏北高原地震活动性特征及其大地构造意义

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    作者简介:

    邹长桥,男,硕士研究生,1984年生,地球物理专业,主要从事地震学研究.(E-mail: zouchangqiao@163.com)

    通讯作者: 贺日政( 1973出生),男,博士,副研究员,主要从事青藏高原深部结构与构造研究. (E-mail: herizheng@cags.ac.cn)
  • 中图分类号: P315,P541

Seismicity characteristics beneath the northern Tibetan Plateau and its tectonic significances

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    Corresponding author: HE Ri-zheng
  • 藏北高原自新生代以来不仅发生了强烈的火山作用,而且现今的地震活动性仍然强烈.本文收集了2011年前藏北高原区发生的地震事件 (源自NEIC) 及相应的震源机制解数据 (源自GCMT ),结合地质与地球物理等相关资料,初步分析表明藏北高原地壳整体上处于伸展应力状态.然而,因区域构造应力场及构造环境差异,将藏北高原地震活动区分为两个地震活动区,即西昆仑地震活动区和藏北中部火山岩区.西昆仑区的地壳应力状态呈东西向伸展,而岩石圈地幔部分主要以南北汇聚为主,表明西昆仑区域下的地壳与岩石圈地幔应力状态是解耦的,而这种解耦机制需要更进一步的研究.而在藏北中部火山岩区的地壳的主张应力场为NNE-SSW的走滑和正断层性质的伸展,尽管缺乏该区域下的岩石圈结构特征认识,但是依据幔源性质的钾质和超钾质火山岩成因模式,认为其下的岩石圈地幔也处于伸展状态,该区域下的地壳与岩石圈地幔同处于伸展应力环境中,表明藏北火山岩区下的结构特征更加复杂,亟待开展相关探测与研究.
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出版历程
收稿日期:  2011-05-12
修回日期:  2011-08-22
刊出日期:  2012-04-20

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